Disaster Preparedness Strategy – Three Stages of Survival

Disaster Preparedness Strategy – Three Stages of Survival

Stage 1. There is no way to predict when disaster may strike. The best way to survive disaster is to first prepare for a short-term emergency, such as 72 hours. That is why your purchase of quality survival kits for each member of your family and pets is highly recommended. Once you have done that, you can at least feel better knowing that you have taken the first step to preparing for a small disaster. Unfortunately, many disasters are not small. Take Hurricane Katrina of 2005, for example. Hurricane Katrina spread destruction across 7 states, with New Orleans, Louisiana being the hardest hit. If you don’t live in an area which typically suffers attacks from hurricanes, how safe are you from other natural disasters? The extreme temperatures of 1980 killed 1260 people in the United States. The 1980 disastrous heat wave and drought caused crops to fail and the resulting food shortages brought increased food prices to consumers. Since storms typically cause over half of natural disaster fatalities, why not focus your initial survival planning there? Storms often knock out electrical power from wind, flooding or snow, so plan for storm disasters first; especially if you feel overwhelmed with all of the “what ifs” disaster scenarios.

Stage 2. Once you are satisfied that you and each member of your family can survive an emergency for three days, then immediately make a survival plan for one week! Yes, I am talking serious disaster preparedness here! Last winter a storm hit our area with 90 mile/hr. winds and the power went out. One section of our community was without power for two weeks with below zero temperatures. Another community in our state had a total snowfall of 18 feet in January 2012 while another community had 27 feet of snow. There were no deaths, and neighbors helped neighbors, people didn’t panic, a lot of small generators powered up, wood stoves burned through lots of stored wood, and all survived. People hauled water when their pipes froze, and didn’t starve, because they were well prepared with canned and smoked fish, frozen moose meat, and canned/frozen berries and garden veggies. Local community agencies offer many resources to help residents survive. By this time you may be thinking that our climate is harsh. Yes, and we don’t run from it, either. We stock up on food and wood and other supplies all summer. We hunt, fish, can, dry, and freeze foods to store for winter. We prepare, dig in, and survive! You can, too. Even if you are living in an urban setting, you can buy items on sale, and stock up!

Stage 3. That brings me to the subject of extreme disaster preparedness – planning to survive one month! Yes. Our winters in Alaska are 8-9 months long! Oh yes, we have cities here. We work and buy food at stores just like everyone else. But if you have ever been here, you may have left with the impression that Alaskans are serious about their rights to subsistence fishing. Moose hunting season empties a lot of offices around Anchorage and Fairbanks in the fall season. Winter comes once a year, and it’s rough, so we make ready.

Sounds easy? Well, someone told me that researching something is the easiest part of any project. The hardest part is to stop researching and START DOING!

So let’s start with the easy part – research. There is a plethora of information available online. There are disaster plan guides you can download, survival lists, and gardening tips galore. There are government agencies with resources to help. Utilize your LOCAL community resources to find out about local edible plants and how to get the most out of your gardening efforts for your own climate and soil types. Check out university extension services in your area for edible plants indigenous to your area and plant the seeds they recommend. These are just a few ideas.

START DOING NOW! Revise your Survival Plan to supply you and your loved ones for at least one month. Include renewable resources native to your region and a few hand tools. Drill it down to just the essentials on your list of survival items. If you can survive one month, you will survive 9 months! By doing your research, you have the knowledge you need for most emergencies.

Collect your survival items on your list and keep to the essentials. Survival products make your job easier. Most of the planning is already done for you. Most websites have product categories which have your major survival concerns organized. Make your survival items list and shop carefully for first aid supplies, survival kits, storage foods, and survival equipment based on your research.

Stick to 3 stages of preparation, and you will amaze yourself how quickly you are able to plan and implement your own plan for emergency survival. Make your own individualized survival plan, and continue to revise it. Be sure to practice your survival plan of action with the whole family many times BEFORE disaster strikes. Then drill regularly so each family member feels comfortable with his/her role and responsibilities in an emergency. This helps prevent panic. Practice builds your confidence and the skills to survive whatever nature throws at you.


Make A Bug Out Plan – How to Maximize Your Survival Preparedness

Make A Bug Out Plan – How to Maximize Your Survival Preparedness

It can be argued that making a Bug Out Plan is as or even more essential than having a Bug Out Bag packed, as one can escape mortal danger with or without a survival kit as long as they have a plan. Here we will focus on how to maximize our survival preparedness by examining how to execute a bug out or strategic evacuation.

Some factors to consider before making your Bug Out Plan:

1. What disasters are likely to take place in YOUR area?

An essential component of survival preparedness is knowing what has occurred historically. Is your area known for having massive floods? Are you living in an earthquake zone? Has your town or city been a target of terrorist attacks? Consider these factors when making your plan, they may immediately eliminate some choices or make others more favorable.

2. What are your personal strengths and weaknesses?

Considering these can help adapt your Bug Out Plan to complement your strengths, mitigate your weaknesses, and give you a much higher chance of survival. Are you very fit? Great, you will be able to carry more survival supplies and plan a longer route. Do you know how to perform survival first aid? That could be vital if a member of your group gets hurt. Identifying weaknesses can be as simple as understanding what survival skills you need to train in. Can you build a fire reliably? Are you able to navigate at night with your map and compass? Do you have a working knowledge of plants and animals in your area? Learning these things and other survival skills will make your Bug Out Plan far stronger. Remember, the more skills you have, the less you need to carry.

3. Plan on more than one possible destination

Best practice for survival planning is to have at least 4 destinations as a part of your Bug Out Plan, one for each cardinal direction on the map (North, South, East, West). This can however be narrowed down due to both geography and the likeliness of particular events occurring. For example, if you lived on the western bank of the Mississippi River and were preparing for a flood, you would not need to consider bugging out to the East. Having multiple destinations in your plan, as well as multiple routes to each adds a level of flexibility that simply must be planned out ahead of time. Going through this planning effort will make you ready no matter what disaster fate throws at you.

4. Have specific destinations in mind

Having a destination in your Bug Out Plan gives you a goal to work towards as you travel. This will have an enormous positive psychological impact on your survival scenario. Surviving is incredibly difficult in even favorable conditions and having a positive state of mind makes a substantial difference towards success. Certain types of destinations, such as a second home, relative’s house, or designated camp also allow for caching survival supplies both at the location and on the routes to them. Besides giving you an even greater psychological boost, this will massively increase your likelihood of survival as well as lessen the amount you have to carry. If none of these alternatives are available look for large public facilities or designated shelters. No matter what it is, having a destination is a key element to your Bug Out Plan.

5. Calculate how fast you will be able to travel

This is vital for planning your routes. If you can calculate your average travel speed you will know how many hours or days it will take you to reach your destination. This then informs you as to how much survival gear and supplies you need to either forage, carry, or cache along the way. Your average travel speed will be most heavily impacted by the following variables:

    • Weight of your Bug Out Bag – An average person should carry no more than 25 percent to 30 percent of their body weight in a backpack. More than this is possible but highly challenging, plan your Bug Out Bag accordingly. It is even better if you can try and perform a test carry of your bag over a significant distance when planning it. You need to be able to carry your pack for hours, if not days. Bringing too much weight will hobble your progress, bring only what you need to survive.


    • Terrain you will be crossing – The average walking speed with a pack is 2.5-4 miles per hour over FLAT ground. When considering your route you need to be aware of what type of terrain you will be crossing. People often make the mistake in thinking that hiking downhill is easier than uphill. This is often not true as hiking with a pack downhill will mean that you need to take special care to have proper footing and to brace your steps. Will you be picking your way through rubble or crossing a body of water? Plan a realistic pace as a part of your survival planning to have a better outcome.


    • Overall fitness – A very fit person will obviously be capable of covering more ground than an unfit person. Assess yourself realistically for this trait, there are no egos in survival. If it has been a while since you went for a run, plan accordingly. The great part of making a Bug Out Plan is that it brings to light your weaknesses. This allows you to address them BEFORE they become a liability. If your plan would benefit from additional fitness, start off slow going for walks or runs and then build up to conditioning your body to hike with the additional weight of a pack.


  • Makeup of your party – If you are creating Bug Out Plan for accompanying people you will have to consider this as a factor. If you are moving with elderly people or children, you should incorporate into your survival preparedness the additional resources and time required to assist them. Do this by planning the progress of your routes based on how far you expect to travel at the pace of the least fit/mobile of your party.

Additional Factors to Include in Your Bug Out Plan:

    • Plan on packing an extra waterproof or laminated map with your routes and destinations clearly marked. It is additionally helpful to mark landmarks along each route to assist navigation.


    • If you are bugging out with others establish a rally point for you all to meet. Doing this beforehand prevents a messy situation where you are all wasting valuable time desperately attempting to contact each other when you should be on the move.


    • Also bring along a list of emergency numbers for friends, family, and government agencies. This will enable you to stay in touch and keep up to date on the disaster situation as it developments.


    • This may seem obvious but actually USE your Bug Out Bag to make your journey easier. This may mean using your hatchet to fashion a shelter or a pry tool to open a door to access a shortcut. There is no point in planning, packing, and carrying awesome survival gear if you are not going to employ them. Have you ever gone camping with a friend who brings a bunch of gadgets that they never even take out? Battery powered tent fan, anyone? Do Not Be That Guy.


    • Plan on looking for a place to spend the night 2-3 hours before sunset each night. You may not like the idea of trading that much travel time in but this will give you enough time to find a safe, dry place to camp, prepare food and water, and establish your shelter.


  • Know that a 160 lb person will use up more than 400 calories in an hour while hiking and more than 500 if carrying a full backpack. This is a level of exertion comparable to that of aerobics or running. Incorporate into your survival planning rest breaks and methods of keeping yourself hydrated and fueled up.


Where to Get the Best Survival Training

Where to Get the Best Survival Training

Survival skills ensure a person has the means to live through a variety of disasters and situations that would otherwise guarantee a person’s demise. In this day and age, a person can never be too prepared. Knowledge is power and knowledge of survival skills could mean the difference between life and death. Survival skills can provide a person with the means necessary to cope with a variety of disasters and traumatic events. Natural disasters, acts of war or seemingly innocent accidents can place an individual in a situation where survival skills are needed.

One of the most important factors in the aftermath of a disaster is learning how to survive in one’s surroundings. Survival schools can teach a person how to find and get food for survival for themselves and their loved ones. Things that would not ordinarily cross a person’s mind as being edible are often used as sustenance in emergency situations. However, it is imperative a person knows exactly what plants or bugs are safe to eat. Some species can be poisonous.

Water is another major necessity for survival. Often times a survival blog will provide opinions on what should be procured first between food, water and shelter. Each situation is different. Training ensures a person will know what should be done first to guarantee survival. A human can only survive three to five days without water. A human can survive weeks without eating.

Learning how to identify and track some animals is a valuable skill. Survival may be dependent on a person’s ability to hunt and kill an animal. Without modern hunting conveniences, tracking skills are imperative. Many animal tracks will lead to a clean, usable water source as well.

Food for survival is only one factor a person will need to learn. Survival training will also include tips on building shelters. A shelter can and must be constructed out of whatever materials are available. Extreme weather may make procuring shelter a top priority. The shelter will need to be sturdy enough to withstand whatever Mother Nature is dishing out. Learning how to construct ropes and various tools can ensure a person has the protection needed to survive another day in a hostile environment.

Survival schools can teach a person how to survive in various situations and climates. Cold weather, wilderness, desert and tropical survival each requires unique skills and knowledge about a number of native plants and animals. A survival blog is a great resource for those interested in expanding their survival training. Urban survival which is the term used for survival in a city after a disaster has struck will often include self defense training. Survival training will typically include some basic communication skills that may be necessary for contact outside of a disaster area.

Survival training is taught at schools all across the country. Many college campuses offer short courses on survival training. Camps designed to teach kids and adults valuable survival skills are often held throughout the summer months. Those who have the time can attend a course that may last anywhere from one to three months. Courses are typically divided into different experience levels. Advanced courses will expand on the basics that are taught in the beginner classes. Courses will vary depending on the location of the school.


Assembling Your Survival Kit

Assembling Your Survival Kit

A life changing disaster can happen at any time. Having a disaster survival kit you can access at a moment’s notice can mean the difference between life and death for you and your family.While you can buy any number of different survival kits, it is just as easier – and usually less expensive – to assemble your own survival pack.

Whether it is a tornado, earthquake or all-out war, it is important for you to be able to survive with the loss of electricity, gas, fresh water supply and shelter. Being prepared can help you avoid needless suffering.

Mini Survival Kits

Mini emergency survival and auto survival kits are available to provide you with basic necessities for a three-day period. These kits are stored in cars, boats, or taken on hiking or camping trips. The kits are small enough to fit in a jacket pocket and contain things like:

  • Waterproof matches/lighter
  • Small mirror or survival whistle for signaling purposes
  • Candle
  • Fishing line and hook
  • Water purification tablets
  • Small compass
  • Hard candy or bouillon cubes

Survival in a Can
You can actually survive in desert-like or arctic-like conditions with the contents in this can. It’s compact, air tight and easily carried. A kit can carry any or all of the following things:

  • Compass
  • Waterproof matches
  • Fishing line and hooks
  • Bouillon cubes
  • Tea bags
  • Sugar packets
  • Razor blades
  • Signaling mirror
  • Band aids

Winter Emergency Kits

These kits are especially for cold and snowy weather in which you may find yourself suddenly while camping or hiking. These kits are good for times when blizzards knock out power for long periods of time. A winter survival kit should include these items:

  • High-calorie nutrition bars that contain 400 calories or more
  • Water purification tablets
  • Pre-packaged meals in heat-friendly pouches that can withstand fire
  • Waterproof matches
  • Thin, but insulated emergency sleeping bags
  • Portable cooking stove
  • Steel utensils and cups
  • Long-burning candles
  • Multi-function knife
  • Collapsible tent

Survival Food Kits
Food survival kits should last one person three days or longer. The best kind of food to put in a survival kit are freeze dried foods that just need a little water to become ready to eat. Foods that contain more than 2000 calories and high protein survival bars are the preferred items for survival kits. You should also include water purification tablets, sugar packets, candles, and plastic utensils.

Bug Out Bag (BOB), Go Bag and Grab & Go Bag
This kind of kit is kept in a survival backpack and within easy reach in case of emergency. The BOB or “Get out of Dodge Bag,” was originally a 72-hour survival kit, but these days many people pack them to last longer. This kind of survival kit is for serious emergencies when you only have time to grab it and run for safety.

For long term disasters when the government can no longer help you, putting together a disaster survival kit is a proactive move that can be lifesaving. A BOB contains certain supplies that may not be needed in short term disaster scenarios, like a pot for disinfecting water, rubber gas masks, duct tape, and plastic.

Disaster Survival Medical or First Aid Kits
The probability of serious injury is high when it comes to disasters like earthquakes and tornados. It’s important to have ready access to medical supplies. Serious injuries must be treated within the first minute and patients must be stabilized within the first hour. You cannot do that without proper medical supplies. A complete disaster survival kit should contain the following for medical emergencies:

  • Antiseptic/antibiotic/burn relief spray/ointment
  • Band aids, all sizes
  • Gauze
  • Alcohol/hydrogen peroxide
  • Cold/hot packs
  • Eye drops
  • Extra strength ibuprofen or acetaminophen
  • Sinus medication
  • Antacid tablets
  • Splint/stretch bandage to set broken bones
  • Tweezers and scissors
  • Benadryl for allergic reactions
  • Q-tips

You should always have a fully stocked survival kit that can be reached easily. It’s a good idea to check your kit regularly to make sure it’s updated with the latest necessary items to give you the best possible chance of surviving any kind of emergency.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7225918

Cause and Effects of Korean War

Cause and Effects of Korean War

The Korean War took place between the time period of June 25, 1950 and July 17, 1953. The two Korean regimes fighting against each were the Republic of Korean supported by the United Nations and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and its allies.

Korea was an independent nation since the 7th century. However, certain parts of the country came under the Japanese jurisdiction as a consequence of the war that took place between China and Japan during the years 1894 to 1895. Korea was engulfed completely by the Japanese forces in August 1910. With the culmination of the Second World War, Korea was taken over by United States and Soviet Union in unison. The US authorities sought help from the United Nations to end the issue of a conjugated occupation of Korea.

To resolve the conflict, the United Nations suggested elections in the country, which were drastically opposed by the communists in North and South Korea. While the United Stated desired to prevent the multiplication of communism; the Soviet Union wanted to extend it as far as possible throughout the world. With Kim II-Sung at the helm of affairs in North Korea supported by the Soviet Union, forces under him attacked South Korea under the anti-communist government of Syngman Rhee on June 25, 1950. China plunged into the war in order to gain mileage against the probability of a US invasion. The war ended on July 27, 1953 due to armistice. However, this was a momentary cease fire without the signing of any long term peace treaties.

One of the most obvious effects of the war as in the case of any conflict was high numbers of casualties. The Korean War widened the gap between the United States and the Soviet Union on the issue of communism. The war also propagated animosity between the US and China. As a direct consequence of the fear of the repercussions of communism, the US arbitrated into Vietnam to abolish the possibility of another North Korea. South Korea became a permanent location for the American military troops. Despite the armistice, the actual war has not ceased since then. Korea remains bifurcated with the two sides on constant war readiness. The economic wide between the two sides has also deepened with the passage of time.

While South Korea has progressed economically and technologically; North Korea remains as a poor and immensely militarized country. The nuclear tests and numerous missile tests conducted by North Korea pose a threat to South Korea as well as Japan. The eight point peace agreement signed by the leaders of the two sides of Korea on October 4, 2007 did open avenues of talks, peace, economic cooperation, renewal of highway, air travel and train services. However, the unification of North and South Korea still remains a dream in the hearts of many.